In its intrinsic nature, digital forensics is employed to unearth legal evidence of criminal activity in cyberspace, computers, mobile devices, and data storage units. Over time, it has been noticed that computers are progressively used to commit crimes. This has thus created a need for computer forensics professionals to collect evidence, that is a great resource to criminal justice workers including law enforcement officers, private detectives, and security auditors.
Today’s vast volumes of data and varied communication technologies create new challenges for security experts and law enforcement agencies investigating cybercrimes. As international cybercrime has now become so widespread, hackers have come up with more anti-forensic tools and measures. They incorporate encryption and obfuscation, among other information hiding techniques. This collectively calls for more expertise, advanced tools, and training to produce thorough evidence for criminal justice.
Forensic scientists customarily prepare for an investigation by ensuring the integrity of the evidence, such as write protecting the evidence medium, to only work on the imaged copy. Once data is acquired and analyzed, the investigator could, for example, conduct a keyword-based search to find an incriminating piece of evidence. Lastly, the evidence is identified and presented in the form of a written report, that is many a time edited after generation by a computer forensics tool.
Maj. Gen. Sabiiti Muzeyi’s Forensics Advocacy
“Uganda Police is a key stakeholder in the administration of justice and thus seeks to extensively utilize forensic techniques and approaches in the course of criminal investigations,” remarked Maj. Gen. Sabiiti, Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP), on 6th November 2019 at an Awareness Forensic Medicine and Science workshop held at Imperial Royale Hotel, Kampala, and organized by Makerere in partnership with Cukurova University.
Maj. Gen. Sabiiti added that modern policing has seen increased utilization of forensic techniques in investigations and the scientific evidence it produces play an important role in criminal justice. This comes at a time when the government of Uganda is implementing directives of the President to establish an Ultra-Modern forensic facility that will deliver world-class forensic services in the administration of justice.
The DIGP acknowledged that with a constant stream of new technologies and scientific development, there are ever-increasing areas of application of forensics in investigation allowing law enforcers to trace evidence that would hardly be discovered, even by experts a few years ago. The quality of forensic evidence, integrity and expertise of the people involved are very crucial aspects, thus the need to train and retain the best of our scientists who exhibit strong morality, integrity, wisdom and depth in knowledge.